The sphinx in Giza, Egypt, is the biggest and most well-known one in the world. The Great Sphinx is located southeast of the Giza pyramids. Egyptologists still don’t agree on how long ago it was built.
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Some people say that it was built by the pharaoh Khafre between 2600 and 2500 BCE. Some people think it is very old and was made before Khafre was king. It is thought to have been built between 10,000 BCE and 5,000 BCE.
There is a lot of mystery around the Great Sphinx of Giza. As of this writing, archaeologists are still looking for answers because more old history is still being buried under the Giza Plateau’s sands.
The Culture That Went Away
The digging started in 1935, and the “Secret Metropolis,” an ancient Egyptian city that was once thought to be 4000 years old, was one of the most surprising things that was found.
But it wasn’t as good as it could have been. Because of this, Egyptologists at the time focused on the tombs of queens and graves that were dug very deep into the ground sometime during the 24th Dynasty, which lasted from as late as 732 BC to as early as 716 BC.
It makes you wonder why this amazing find of a whole 4,000-year-old underground city didn’t make the news. How did it not get found? At the time, Egyptologists thought that they couldn’t dig any deeper into the chambers under the Sphinx because they were either closed or full of water. So, they pretty much just let it go.
The Mysteries of the Head
In 1798, a hole was first seen in the top of the Sphinx’s head. Then, in 1920, a photo taken from a hot air balloon of the Sphinx was used to confirm the size of the opening.
Its body is made of one thing, and its head is made of something else. Even though it’s hard to tell because of erosion, it’s likely made of more than one thing.
When you look at the mythical creature quickly, you can see that the torso is a brighter color than the head, which has smooth edges.
Several modern Egyptologists have been given the job of finding out what has been hidden under the Sphinx all these years and figuring out all its secrets. Some scientists, though, want to keep it a secret.
Expert on ancient Egypt Zahi Hawass says that the area around the Sphinx is open and has nothing to hide. But many people disagree with him and say that he wants to keep the accepted view of ancient Egyptian history, even though several new discoveries go against what is now thought to be true.
The Sphinx of Giza
The Great Sphinx of Giza is a giant 4,500-year-old limestone statue situated near the Great Pyramid in Giza, Egypt. Measuring 240 feet (73 meters) long and 66 feet (20 meters) high, the Great Sphinx is one of the world’s largest monuments. It is also one of the most recognizable relics of the ancient Egyptians, though the origins and history of the colossal structure are still debated.
What Is a Sphinx?
A sphinx (or sphynx) is a creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human, with some variations. It is a prominent mythological figure in Egyptian, Asian, and Greek mythology.
In ancient Egypt, the sphinx was a spiritual guardian and most often depicted as a male with a pharaoh headdress—as is the Great Sphinx—and figures of the creatures were often included in tomb and temple complexes. For instance, the so-called Sphinx Alley in Upper Egypt is a two-mile avenue that connects the temples of Luxor and Karnak and is lined with sphinx statues.
Sphinxes with the likeness of the female pharaoh Hatshepsut also exist, such as the granite sphinx statue at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the large alabaster sphinx at the Ramessid temple in Memphis, Egypt.